Table of Contents
Why was the Simla Deputation successful in India?
The Simla Deputation was successful because the Muslims were strongly urged to protect their separate identity, whereas the British responded to their demands, as Lord Minto was anxious to pull them out of their political discontent. Separate electorates were given statutory recognition in the Indian Councils Act of 1909.
How did Lord Minto respond to the Simla Deputation?
The address presented by the deputation was a model of mature thinking and sober expression. The viceroy accepted both demands. In response Lord Minto expressed his indirect support ‘to the principal demand of the Muslim leaders as enunciated in the memorandum, eg, a separate electorate for the Muslims.
Why did the deputation of Simla demand weightage?
The demand of weightage was supported by two arguments: Muslims still owned much of the landed property in India, and they formed a very large proportion of the Indian army. The address presented by the deputation was a model of mature thinking and sober expression. The viceroy accepted both demands.
What did the Viceroy say to the Simla Deputation?
He stated that the Muslims should be represented as a community. The Viceroy in his reply to the Simla Deputation address reassured the Muslims that their political rights and interests as a community would be safeguarded by any administrative reorganization under him.
What was the outcome of the Simla Conference?
The Simla Conference 1945 was a meeting between the Viceroy of India Lord Wavell and the major political leaders of British India at Simla. Convened to agree on and approve the Wavell Plan for Indian self-government, and there it reached a potential agreement for the self-rule of India that provided separate representation…
Why did Wavell call the leaders of India to Simla?
Wavell decided to call all key leaders of India in Simla on 25 June 1945 and broadcast a message to all Indians on 14 June 1945 showing British willingness to give India dominion status as soon as possible if the communal deadlock was broken down.
When did Lord Wavell open the Simla Conference?
One day before the conference was convened on 24 June, Wavell met with Abul Kalam Azad, Gandhi and Jinnah to assess their approach. He noted in his diary, “Gandhi & Jinnah are behaving like very temperamental prima donnas”. Lord Wavell officially opened the summit at 11:00 am on 25 June 1945.