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Why is Greek marathon important?
The ‘Clash’ At Marathon Shaped Greece, And The West Military historian Jim Lacey says the battle of Marathon, where the vastly outnumbered Greeks defeated the Persian army, had a profound impact on Western civilization, and opened an East-West political and cultural divide that shaped the ancient and modern worlds.
Why does the Battle of Marathon matter?
It is also one of the earliest recorded battles. Their victory over the Persian invaders gave the fledgling Greek city states confidence in their ability to defend themselves and belief in their continued existence. The battle is therefore considered a defining moment in the development of European culture.
Why is the Battle of Marathon important in terms of European history?
Because their victory had inspired other Greeks to resist Xerxes, Marathon had been an important battle: in Marathon, the foundations of western civilization had been laid. The second assumption is that the political independence of Greece guaranteed the freedom of its culture.
What was an effect of the Battle of Marathon?
Consequences. The defeat at Marathon was a decisive victory that marked the end of the first Persian invasion of Greece. The Persian force retreated to Asia. Darius then began raising a huge new army with which he meant to completely subjugate Greece.
What advantage did the Greek army have at the Battle of Marathon?
The Greeks held an advantage at Marathon in the equipment of their infantry. An Athenian hoplite carried a heavy, 9-foot spear, wore a solid breastplate and carried an almost body-length shield. The Persian infantryman, in contrast, wore little more than robes and carried a shorter sword and a wicker or cane shield.
How did the Battle of Marathon change history?
Marathon did not end the wars against Persia, but was the first turning point in establishing the success of the Greek, and specifically Athenian way, which would eventually give rise to all western culture as we know it. Thus, according to some, Marathon is the most important battle in history.
Why did the Battle of Marathon begin quizlet?
What was the aim of the Persian in the Battle of Marathon? to advance on Athens or to lure Athenian army to Nth where they could be easily attacked.
What was the outcome of the Battle of Marathon quizlet?
The battle of Marathon according to Herodotus ended with the death of “6,400 Persians; the losses of the Athenians 192”.
Why was the Battle of artemisium important?
Nevertheless, in the wider context of the Greco-Persian wars, it was a very significant battle for the Allies. Moreover, fighting the Persians at Artemisium allowed the Greek admirals to see how the Persian fleet performed, and gave them insights into how it might be beaten.
Why was the Battle of Marathon fought in Greece?
The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire.
Where did the Persians land in the Battle of Marathon?
The Persian force then sailed for Attica, landing in the bay near the town of Marathon. The Athenians, joined by a small force from Plataea, marched to Marathon, and succeeded in blocking the two exits from the plain of Marathon. The Athenians also sent a message to the Spartans asking for support.
Who was the winner of the Battle of Marathon?
Battle of Marathon. With the Persians closing in on the Greek capitol, Athenian general Miltiades assumed command of the hastily assembled army. Miltiades employed a successful strategy in which he weakened the center of his force to strengthen its wings, causing confusion among the Persians. The victory of “the Marathon men” captured…
Why did Artaphernes land his army at the Bay of Marathon?
Artaphernes’ army was accompanied by Hippias, the former tyrant of Athens who had been ousted at the beginning of the city’s transition into democracy and had fled to the Persian court. His advice was to land the Persian troops at the bay of Marathon, which was a good spot for a landing just a day’s march away from the city.