Table of Contents
What is translation in cell?
Translation Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. In the cell cytoplasm, the ribosome reads the sequence of the mRNA in groups of three bases to assemble the protein.
Where in the cell does translation take place quizlet?
In a eukaryotic cell, translation occurs in the ribosomes that are in the cell cytoplasm and the endoplasmic reticulum. Translation is the process where the codons of the mRNA are decoded. The codons are translated to the language of amino acids from the language of nucleic acids.
Where is translation in biology?
In prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea), translation occurs in the cytosol, where the large and small subunits of the ribosome bind to the mRNA. In eukaryotes, translation occurs in the cytoplasm or across the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum in a process called co-translational translocation.
What is translation and where does it take place quizlet?
(Translation/Transcription) converts mRNA into a protein. Translation takes place in the (cytoplasm/nucleus). (DNA/RNA) can leave the nucleus. (Translation/Transcription) converts DNA into mRNA.
What is translation and where does it occur in the cell?
In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell’s nucleus.
Where does translation take place within a cell?
Translation itself can be broke down into three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. The majority of these processes take place in the cell cytoplasm or in the endoplasmic reticulum .
Where in the cell does transcription and translation take place?
Replication and transcription take place in the nucleus while translation takes place in the cytoplasm for eukaryotic cells.
Where is the tRNA located in the cell?
tRNA or Transfer RNA. Like rRNA, tRNA is located in the cellular cytoplasm and is involved in protein synthesis. Transfer RNA brings or transfers amino acids to the ribosome that corresponds to each three-nucleotide codon of rRNA.