What is considered an access device?

What is considered an access device?

Instead of using the term “credit card,” or “debit/credit instrument,” the term “access device” is used in the statute and is defined broadly as any “card, plate, code, account number, electronic serial number, mobile identification number, personal identification number, or other telecommunications service, equipment.

What is access device fraud in Pennsylvania?

What is Access Device Fraud? In Pennsylvania, it is against the law to obtain or try to obtain another person’s property, money or services without their permission, by using an access device that you know is: Counterfeit, altered or incomplete. Issued to another person who has not authorized its use.

What is access device fraud in Louisiana?

Access device fraud is any type of crime that involves the use of a debit card, credit card, social security number, account number, and other types of account access to initiate a fraudulent transfer of money from one account to another.

What is the fraud and related activity in connection with access devices statute?

§1030. Fraud and related activity in connection with computers. (C) intentionally accesses a protected computer without authorization, and as a result of such conduct, causes damage and loss.

What are some examples of unauthorized access?

Unauthorized access is when someone gains access to a website, program, server, service, or other system using someone else’s account or other methods. For example, if someone kept guessing a password or username for an account that was not theirs until they gained access, it is considered unauthorized access.

What is an unauthorized device?

Unauthorized access device means any access device that is [lost; stolen; expired; revoked; canceled; or obtained with intent to defraud].

What is the penalty for access device fraud?

A conviction for a first time offense can result in a fine of up to $25,000, and a prison term of up to ten or fifteen years, or both, as well as forfeiture of any equipment used to perpetrate the crime depending on the type of fraud which is broken down by sub-sections.

Is receiving stolen property a felony in PA?

If the property is greater than $200 but less than $2,000, it is a misdemeanor of the first degree. This carries a penalty of up to 5 years in prison and a $10,000 fine; If the property is more than $2,000, it is a felony of the third degree.

Is access device fraud a felony in Louisiana?

It also determines if an access device fraud will be punished as a misdemeanor or a felony. For an offender with prior offenses (say a third offense), the offender is imprisoned for up to 10 years or made to pay a fine up to $10,000, or both.

What is unauthorized use of access card?

In California it is a crime for a person to use an access card that has been obtained, altered, or retained in violation of the law or that the person knows is forged, expired, or revoked, and with the intent to defraud and to obtain money, goods, services, or anything else of value.

What is the Major fraud Act?

Major Fraud Act of 1988 – Amends the Federal criminal code to subject anyone who knowingly executes, or attempts to execute, any scheme or artifice to defraud the Government in any procurement of property or services of $1,000,000 or more to a fine of between $1,000,000 (for one count) and $10,000,000 (for multiple …

What are the 3 types of access control?

Three main types of access control systems are: Discretionary Access Control (DAC), Role Based Access Control (RBAC), and Mandatory Access Control (MAC).

What are the acts that constitute access device fraud?

– The following acts shall constitute access device fraud and are hereby declared to be unlawful: (b) trafficking in one or more unauthorized access devices or access devices fraudulently applied for; (e) possessing one or more counterfeit access devices or access devices fraudulently applied for;

How does the state regulate the issuance of access devices?

– The State recognizes the recent advances in technology and the widespread use of access devices in commercial transactions. Toward this end, the State shall protect the rights and define the liabilities of parties in such commercial transactions by regulating the issuance and use of access devices.

What is the definition of unauthorized access device?

(c) Unauthorized Access Device – means any access device that is stolen, lost, expired, revoked, canceled, suspended, or obtained with intent to defraud;

What happens in the case of loss of an access device?

Section 15. Loss of access devices. – In case of loss of an access device, the holder thereof must notify the issuer of the access device of the details and circumstances of such loss upon knowledge of the loss. Full compliance with such procedure would absolve the access device holder of any financial liability from fraudulent use