Table of Contents
What elements makes a bomb?
All explosives must contain both oxidizing and reducing agents. Strong oxidizing agents require the use of the most electronegative elements nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, and chlorine. Therefore, one common aspect of HE compositions is a large percentage of the more electronegative elements nitrogen and oxygen.
What bomb causes the most damage?
The detonation was astronomically powerful—over 1,570 times more powerful, in fact, than the combined two bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Tsar Bomba’s yield was 50 megatons: ten times more powerful than all of the ordnance exploded during the whole of World War II.
What is c4 made of?
C-4 is made up of explosives, plastic binder, plasticizer and, usually, marker or taggant chemicals such as 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-dinitrobutane (DMDNB) to help detect the explosive and identify its source.
How big can a nuke get?
Nuclear bombs have had yields between 10 tons TNT (the W54) and 50 megatons for the Tsar Bomba (see TNT equivalent). A thermonuclear weapon weighing little more than 2,400 pounds (1,100 kg) can release energy equal to more than 1.2 million tons of TNT (5.0 PJ).
How powerful is the most powerful bomb?
The largest nuclear device tested by the United States was 15,000 kilotons. The bomb’s mushroom cloud climbed to 60 to 70 kilometers above the ground. Luckily, the fireball didn’t make contact with the Earth, and therefore the level of radiation was relatively small, compared to the size of the bomb..
What is in det cord?
cord, detcord, primer cord or sun cord) is a thin, flexible plastic tube usually filled with pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN, pentrite). With the PETN exploding at a rate of approximately 6400 m/s, any common length of detonation cord appears to explode instantaneously.
Did soldiers eat C4?
During the Vietnam War, American troops would eat small amounts of C4 plastic explosive to get high.
Whats the radius of a nuke?
Within a 6-km (3.7-mile) radius of a 1-megaton bomb, blast waves will produce 180 tonnes of force on the walls of all two-storey buildings, and wind speeds of 255 km/h (158 mph). In a 1-km (0.6-mile) radius, the peak pressure is four times that amount, and wind speeds can reach 756 km/h (470 mph).
Who built first nuclear bomb?
Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the “father of the atomic bomb” for their role in the Manhattan Project – the World War II undertaking that developed the first nuclear weapons….
|J. Robert Oppenheimer|
|Doctoral advisor||Max Born|
What’s the string on dynamite called?
Detonating cord (also called detonation cord, detacord, det. cord, detcord, primer cord or sun cord) is a thin, flexible plastic tube usually filled with pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN, pentrite).
What is Pek explosive?
… is a plastic explosive and it is received from ordnance factory, Kirkee, India. The properties of PEK supplied by manufacturer are given in Table 2. The sample was covered with sand and a mild steel plate of 10 mm thickness was used to cover the concrete pit in order to re- duce the external hazardous effects. …
What are the characteristics of a logic bomb?
The defining characteristics of a logic bomb are: It lies dormant for a specific amount of time. Like a ticking time bomb, logic bombs aren’t meant to go off right away. That’s why people attacking from within a targeted system often use logic bombs — so they can cover their tracks. Logic bombs are subtle and can go undetected for years.
Which is an example of a time bomb?
A time bomb is a type of logic bomb that detonates at a certain time or date. Another famous time bomb example happened in 1998: the CIH virus, otherwise known as Chernobyl. Its trigger time was April 26, the date of the infamous Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Many consider the CIH virus the most destructive malware attack of its time.
What is the nitrogen content of a bomb?
The majority of high-explosive formulations use inorganic or organic nitrate or nitro functional groups as the oxidant. The correlation between nitrogen and oxygen content is roughly linear, as shown in the scatter plot in Figure 4.1. The nitrogen content of a wide variety of nitrogen-containing explosives is 31 ± 12%.
How is a high explosive bomb different from deflagration?
A high explosive bomb is one that employs a process called ” detonation ” to rapidly go from an initially high energy molecule to a very low energy molecule. Detonation is distinct from deflagration in that the chemical reaction propagates faster than the speed of sound (often many times faster) in an intense shock wave.