What does Echinodermata literally mean?

What does Echinodermata literally mean?

The phylum Echinodermata , which contains about 6000 species, gets its name from the Greek, literally meaning “spiny skin.” Many echinoderms actually do have “spiny” skin, but others do not. All echinoderms have one thing in common: radial symmetry.

Why is it called Echinodermata?

Plates of the internal skeleton may articulate with each other (as in sea stars) or be sutured together to form a rigid test (sea urchins). Projections from the skeleton, sometimes resembling spikes, which are typical of echinoderms, give the phylum its name (from Greek echinos, “spiny,” and derma, “skin”).

Which is the characteristic feature of echinoderms?

Radial symmetry, radial canal, vascular system, and ambulacral system are the unique characteristics of phylum Echinodermata. Thus the correct answer is option ‘E’. Note: Echinoderms are poisonous and have sharp spines on their body which causes injury. Echinoderms are used for food.

What does Echinodermata mean in Latin?

1834, from Modern Latin Echinodermata, name of the phylum that includes starfish and sea urchins, from Latinized form of Greek ekhinos “sea urchin,” originally “porcupine, hedgehog” (see echidna) + derma (genitive dermatos) “skin,” from PIE root *der- “to split, flay, peel,” with derivatives referring to skin and …

What is the common name for Echinodermata?

Sea urchins
Echinodermata – Sea urchins, Sand dollars, Sea cucumbers, Seastars, Cushion stars, Brittle-stars, Basket-stars, Sea lilies, Feather stars — Discover Life mobile. Click on images to enlarge. The phylum Echinodermata, which means “spiny skin”, has about 20,000 species.

Are jellyfish echinoderms?

Phylum Echinodermata consists of starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, and sand dollars. Jellyfish, hydra, coral, and sea anemones belong to phylum Cnidaria.

Is a crab an echinoderm?

This group includes: shrimp, crabs, lobsters and crayfish, barnacles and water fleas, and sow bugs. Echinoderms are cold-blooded, ocean dwelling spiny-skinned invertebrates covered with a skeleton of plates and spines made of calcium carbonate.

What are the defining characteristics of echinoderms quizlet?


  • A Water Vascular System: fluid filled canals derived from a pair of coelomic compartments servicing numerous flexible feeding and locomotory appendages (tube feet)
  • Pentamerous (5-pointed) radial symmetry in adults.
  • Calcareous ossicles derived from mesodermal tissue forming an endoskeleton.

Where did the name Echinodermata come from and why?

Echinodermata are so named owing to their spiny skin (from the Greek “echinos” meaning “spiny” and “dermos” meaning “skin”), and this phylum is a collection of about 7,000 described living species. Echinodermata are exclusively marine organisms.

What are the physical characteristics of an Echinodermata?

Characteristics of Echinodermata They have a star-like appearance and are spherical or elongated. They are exclusively marine animals. The organisms are spiny-skinned.

How big is an echinoderm in feet and inches?

There are around 7,000 echinoderm species, and they can range from less than an inch to over three feet in diameter. An adult echinoderm is radially symmetrical, meaning their body parts extend outward from the mouth. An echinoderm usually has 5 parts, making them pentamerous.

Are there any terrestrial organisms in the phylum Echinodermata?

The organisms belonging to the phylum Echinodermata are exclusively marine. Till date, there have been no traces of any terrestrial or freshwater Echinoderms. These are multicellular organisms with well-developed organ systems. All the animals belonging to this phylum share the same characteristics features.