Table of Contents
What did the Chumash do?
Chumash men were fishermen and hunters, and sometimes they went to war to protect their families. Chumash women ground acorn meal, did most of the cooking and child care, and wove baskets. Both genders took part in storytelling, music and artwork, and traditional medicine.
What were the Chumash skilled at making?
The Chumash were skilled artisans: they made a variety of tools out of wood, whalebone, and other materials, fashioned vessels of soapstone, and produced some of the most complex basketry in native North America. The Chumash were also purveyors of clamshell-bead currency for southern California.
Are the Chumash still alive?
Today, the Chumash are estimated to have a population of 5,000 members. Many current members can trace their ancestors to the five islands of Channel Islands National Park.
What happened at the end of the Santa Barbara Mission period?
A major earthquake struck on December 21, causing severe damage to the Santa Barbara Mission buildings, including the third church and its not-yet-completed façade and the Presidio compound. The same earthquake also destroyed Mission La Purisima (Writers’ Project 1941:188).
What happened to the Chumash tribe?
Many Chumash were forced to live and work on missions. They and other tribes throughout California became part of a group known as the Mission Indians. Their traditional names were often replaced with the name of the mission they worked on.
Who was the leader of the Chumash tribe?
Kenneth Kahn, tribal leader of the Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, talks about progress of the tribe and tribal leaders’ goals.
What happened to the Mission Indians?
Many were converted; many died of European diseases to which they had no immunity; and many became dependent upon the missions for subsistence and shelter. When the authority of the missions was officially ended by the Mexican government in 1834, many of the tribes were left adrift.
What happened to the Chumash tribe when the Europeans arrived?
When the Spanish came to California to settle they brought horrible diseases with them, these diseases were unknown to the Native Chumash Peoples. Therefore, Spanish diseases killed a mass amount of the Chumash.
How were the Chumash treated?
The Chumash were treated as slaves, and in 1824 the Chumash at Santa Ynez revolted. They burned down the soldiers’ quarters, and the soldiers burned down the Chumash houses. The revolt lasted less than a week, but it spread south to Mission Santa Barbara.
What was Santa Barbara named after?
Mission Santa Barbara
|Name as founded||La Misión de La Señora Bárbara, Virgen y Mártir|
|English translation||The Mission of the Lady Bárbara, Virgin and Martyr|
|Patron||Saint Barbara of Greece|
|Nickname(s)||“Queen of the Missions”|
|U.S. National Register of Historic Places|
How old are the Chumash?
The Chumash and Gabrielino-Tongva peoples were the first human inhabitants of the Channel Islands and Santa Monica Mountains areas. Our peoples are known to have lived here for thousands of years; numerous archaeological sites have been uncovered in the past decade some of which date to 15,000 years.
When did the Chumash exist?
13,000 years ago
The Chumash People The area was first settled at least 13,000 years ago. Over time, the population increased and the people adapted their lifeways to the local environment. Villages along the coastline, on the islands and in the interior had access to different resources, which they traded with one another.
Where did the Chumash people live in Santa Barbara?
Mission La Purisima Concepción was founded along the inland route from Santa Barbara north to San Luis Obispo in 1789. The final Franciscan mission to be constructed in native Chumash territory was Santa Ynez, founded in 1804 on the Santa Ynez River with a seed population of Chumash people from Missions La Purisima and Santa Barbara.
What did the Chumash Indians do before the mission?
Life Before the Mission. The Chumash lived on the coast of the Santa Barbara Channel. They had houses that were dome-shaped, 50 feet across, and could house up to 50 people. The Chumash used bundles of grass to make mats and bedding. The Chumash slept on mats laid above the ground.
Who was in charge of Mission Santa Barbara?
The formal founding of Mission Santa Barbara was delayed. The command of the Santa Barbara Presidio passed from Comandante Ortega to Don Felipe de Goycoechea on January 25. His company consisted of 57 men, including three sergeants, two corporals and fifty privates; fifteen of these men were stationed at San Buenaventura Mission.
Who was the Native American tribe in Santa Barbara?
The Native American tribe living in Santa Barbara was the Chumash. Since the Chumash lived in Santa Barbara, they were called Barbareños by the Spanish settlers. The Chumash way of life was destroyed by the mission system. The Chumash lived on the coast of the Santa Barbara Channel.