What are the characteristics and properties of nitrogen?

What are the characteristics and properties of nitrogen?

Characteristics: Nitrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic and generally inert gas at standard temperature and pressure. At atmospheric pressure, nitrogen is liquid between 63 K and 77 K.

What are the properties and uses of nitrogen?

A colourless, odourless gas. Nitrogen is important to the chemical industry. It is used to make fertilisers, nitric acid, nylon, dyes and explosives. To make these products, nitrogen must first be reacted with hydrogen to produce ammonia.

What are interesting properties of nitrogen?


  • N has no odor, is tasteless, and colorless.
  • Nitrogen gas (N2) makes up 78.1% of the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Atmosphere contains an estimated 4,000 trillion tons of N.
  • Nitrogen is not a metal.
  • Nitrogen gas is inert.
  • French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier named nitrogen azote, meaning without life.

What are the two properties of nitrogen?

Nitrogen gas (chemical symbol N) is generally inert, nonmetallic, colorless, odorless and tasteless. Its atomic number is 7, and it has an atomic weight of 14.0067. Nitrogen has a density of 1.251 grams/liter at 0 C and a specific gravity of 0.96737, making it slightly lighter than air.

What are the physical properties of the nitrogen family?

Periodic Trends in Group 15 Elements

Property Nitrogen Arsenic
Melting point Boiling point (°C) – 210 -196 817 603(sublimes)
Density (g/cm3) at 25°C 1.15(g/L) 5.7
Atomic radius (pm) 56 114
First Ionization energy (kJ/mol) 1402 947

What are the physical properties of nitrogen dioxide?


  • Physical dangers. The gas is heavier than air.
  • Chemical dangers. The substance is a strong oxidant. It reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. Reacts with water. This produces nitric acid and nitric oxide.
  • What are 2 physical properties of nitrogen?

    What are 3 fun facts about nitrogen?

    Fun Facts About Nitrogen

    • Nitrogen is non-toxic, odorless, and colourless.
    • It is not flammable.
    • Nitrogen gas is slightly lighter than air once it reaches room temperature.
    • Nitrogen was first liquefied on April 15, 1883, by Polish physicists Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski.
    • Nitrogen is 75% of the air we breathe.

    What are 5 chemical properties of nitrogen?

    Chemical properties of nitrogen – Health effects of nitrogen – Environmental effects of nitrogen

    Atomic number 7
    Melting point -210 °C
    Boiling point -195.8 °C
    Vanderwaals radius 0.092 nm
    Ionic radius 0.171 nm (-3) ; 0.011 (+5) ; 0.016 (+3)

    Which of the following properties does nitrogen not exhibit?

    Due to N-N bond is weak, nitrogen does not show allotropy.

    What are some fun facts about nitrogen?

    What are 3 chemical properties of nitrogen?

    Chemical properties of nitrogen – Health effects of nitrogen – Environmental effects of nitrogen

    Atomic number 7
    Electronegativity according to Pauling 3.0
    Density 1.25*10-3 g.cm-3 at 20°C
    Melting point -210 °C
    Boiling point -195.8 °C

    What does nitrogen do to the Earth?

    Nitrogen has been used as a tracer with which to connect surface reservoirs (atmosphere and the oceans) to the solid Earth.

    What are the physical characteristics of nitrogen?

    Physical Characteristics. Nitrogen is a colorless and odorless gas. Liquid nitrogen resembles water in its appearance, as it is colorless. Nitrogen is a very light gas and is the lightest gas in its group (Group 15).

    What are facts about nitrogen?

    Facts About Nitrogen. Liquid nitrogen boils at room termperature. (Image: © David Monniaux) Nitrogen is essential to life on Earth. It is a component of all proteins, and it can be found in all living systems. Nitrogen compounds are present in organic materials, foods, fertilizers, explosives and poisons.

    What are common compounds in nitrogen?

    Nitrogen becomes a liquid at -210.00 degrees C. Liquid nitrogen looks like water. Common compounds with nitrogen atoms include ammonia (NH 3), nitrous oxide (N 2O), nitrites, and nitrates. Nitrogen is also found in organic compounds such as amines, amides, and nitro groups.