What are the causes of depletion of forest?

What are the causes of depletion of forest?

The causes of deforestation

  • Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods.
  • Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.

What are the effects of depletion of forest?

Shrinking of the forests cause wide-reaching problems like soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, water cycle disruption, greenhouse gas emissions, changes in the climatic conditions, and loss of biodiversity.

What is the percentage of forest in Jharkhand?

29.61 %

Basic Recorded Details of Jharkhand
Geographical Area: 79,714 Sq. Km.
Forest Area: 23,605 Sq. Km.
Percentage of Forest Area to Country’s Geog. Area: 29.61 %
Total Forest & Tree Cover of Jharkhand 32.74 %

What type of forest is in Jharkhand?

Jharkhand is home to tropical moist deciduous and tropical dry deciduous forests and the dominant plant species like Shorea robusta, Diospyros melanoxylon, Pterocarpus mersupium, Gloriosa superba, Butea monosperma, Madhuca longifolia, etc.

What are the causes of the forest depletion in India?

Causes for Deforestation:

  • Agriculture: Conversion of forests to agricultural land to feed growing needs of people.
  • Commercial logging:
  • Mining:
  • Increase in population:
  • Urbanization and industrialization:
  • Construction of dam reservoirs:
  • Forest fires:
  • Overgrazing:

What is the cause and effect of deforestation?

The loss of trees and underbrush allows for flooding, soil erosion, higher temperatures, and desertification to occur more rapidly and exponentially. While it may seem that natural occurrences are to blame for the majority of tree loss, it is — in fact — human activity that causes the most deforestation worldwide.

What is deforestation causes and effects?

What are the 5 causes of deforestation?

But to protect forests, we first need to understand what’s threatening them.

  • INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE. Look no further than your dinner plate, because industrial agriculture accounts for around 85% of deforestation worldwide.

Why Jharkhand is known as the land of forests?

Jharkhand was created in 2000 when it separated from the state of Bihar. The name Jharkhand means “land of forests,” and rightfully so. According to Indian Wildlife, Jharkhand is covered with more than 23,000 km² of forests, or about 30% of its total surface area.

Which district of Jharkhand has highest percentage of forest area?

Jharkhand’s Forest and Environment Department is commended with the supervision and administration of natural resources and forest lands….Jagran Josh.

Rank District Forest cover (Area in km. sq.)
1 Palamu(includes Latehar) 3,860
2 Paschimi Singhbhum 3,727
3 Gumla(includes Simdega) 2,486
4 Hazaribagh 2,162

Which district in Jharkhand has lowest forest area?

How many forests are there in Jharkhand?

It is noteworthy that Jharkhand contains two major types of forests, namely, Tropical Zone Dry Forests, and. Tropical Zone Wet Forests.

When did the state of Jharkhand come into being?

The state of Jharkhand came into being on 15 November 2000 after a century-old demand articulated by the people of central India. Despite holding 40% of India’s mineral wealth, economic development of the state has not been sufficient to trickle down to the people in need.

Where is the concentration of poverty in Jharkhand?

The entire eastern belt of Jharkhand, close to West Bengal, has a high concentration of poverty. Some of the industrially developed areas like Bokaro and Dhanbad are in this zone. For many generations, the poor have been settling in and around mining and basic industry centres in search of better livelihoods.

What kind of trees grow in Jharkhand Forest?

IN JHARKHAND Bamboo, Bambusa bambos, Bambusa nutans, Dendrocalamus strictus, North Chhotanagpur and Morphology. A preliminary investigation on AFLP marker-wood density trait association in teak (Tectona grandis L. f.) Studies on morpho – taxonomy anatomy and palynology of Ipomoea carnea Jacq growing in Jharkhand, India.

What are the effects of deforestation on the environment?

What is Deforestation? Deforestation can be defined as the large-scale removal of trees from forests (or other lands) for the facilitation of human activities. It is a serious environmental concern since it can result in the loss of biodiversity, damage to natural habitats, disturbances in the water cycle, and soil erosion.