How does World Health Organisation define learning disability?

How does World Health Organisation define learning disability?

What is it? The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) states that ‘a learning disability is generally defined by 3 core criteria: lower intellectual ability (usually an IQ of less than 70), significant impairment of social or adaptive functioning, and onset in childhood’.

What is the definition of learning disability?

A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate. This means they can have difficulty: understanding new or complex information. learning new skills. coping independently.

Who defines learning disability?

Learning disability: A childhood disorder characterized by difficulty with certain skills such as reading or writing in individuals with normal intelligence. Learning disabilities affect the ability to interpret what one sees and hears or the ability to link information from different parts of the brain.

What is Intellectual Disability World Health Organization?

Intellectual disability means a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information and to learn and apply new skills (impaired intelligence). This results in a reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning), and begins before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development.

How would you define disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions). Mental health. Social relationships.

What is disability and types of disability?

The main categories of disability are physical, sensory, psychiatric, neurological, cognitive and intellectual. Many people with disability have multiple disabilities. A physical disability is the most common type of disability, followed by intellectual and sensory disability.

What is a learning disability examples?

For example, Down’s syndrome is classed as a learning disability, whereas dyslexia is classed as a learning difficulty, in that it only affects an individual’s relationship to the processing of information, usually manifested in problems with reading, writing, and spelling.

What is learning disability and its types?

When the term “learning disorder” is used, it describes a group of disorders characterized by inadequate development of specific academic, language, and speech skills. Types of learning disorders include reading (dyslexia), arithmetic (dyscalculia) and writing (dysgraphia).

What are the basis that a learner has learning disabilities?

Learning disabilities are due to genetic and/or neurobiological factors that alter brain functioning in a manner which affects one or more cognitive processes related to learning. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math.

Is intellectual disability the same as learning disability?

The term learning disabilities is used here, as it is the official term for intellectual disability in England. Valuing People defines learning disability as including the presence of: A significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills (impaired intelligence), with.

What are the examples of disability?

Different types of disabilities

  • vision Impairment.
  • deaf or hard of hearing.
  • mental health conditions.
  • intellectual disability.
  • acquired brain injury.
  • autism spectrum disorder.
  • physical disability.

How does the World Health Organization help people with disability?

In order to improve access to health services for people with disability, WHO: promotes strategies to ensure that people with disability are knowledgeable about their own health conditions, and that health-care personnel support and protect the rights and dignity of persons with disability.

Is the word learning disabil ity interchangeable with learning disabilities?

Taken together the y can be considered to be interchangeable with the adult health and social ca re term ‘learning disabil ity’. However, people with specific learning difficulties such as dyslexia do not have ‘learnin g disabilities’.

What are the chapters in the World Report on disability?

Following chapters on understanding disability and measuring disability, the report contains topic-specific chapters on health; rehabilitation; assistance and support; enabling environments; education; and employment.

How is disability a part of the human condition?

Understanding disability 3 Disability is part of the human condition. Almost everyone will be temporarily or permanently impaired at some point in life, and those who survive to old age will experience increasing difficulties in functioning. Most extended families have a disabled member, and many non-disabled people take responsibility