How do the states of matter differ in shape and volume?

How do the states of matter differ in shape and volume?

Solid is the state in which matter maintains a fixed volume and shape; liquid is the state in which matter adapts to the shape of its container but varies only slightly in volume; and gas is the state in which matter expands to occupy the volume and shape of its container.

Do solids liquids and gases have the same volume when moved?

2 shows the differences among solids, liquids, and gases at the molecular level. A solid has definite volume and shape, a liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape, and a gas has neither a definite volume nor shape. Figure 3.3. 2: A Representation of the Solid, Liquid, and Gas States.

Why do solids liquids and gases have different properties related to shape and volume?

Solids, liquids and gases are different mainly because of their lattice arrangements and the cohesive forces between the molecules. The cohesive forces between their molecules are also very weak. This gives gases their property to flow and compressibility.

Do solids have more volume than liquids and gases?

A billion particles will have a greater volume than one particle. If you have the same number of particles, then the gas will have the greater volume. The particles of matter in the solid state are close together and fixed in place. Thus, a given number of particles will have the greatest volume in the gas state.

What is matter distinguish between solid liquid and gas in tabular form?

Difference between Solid Liquid and Gases
They are incompressible. Liquids cannot be compressed. Gases can be compressed quite easily.
Solids have a definite shape and volume. Liquids have a definite volume. Gases have no definite volume.

What are the characteristics that distinguish solids liquids and gases?


  • Solids – relatively rigid, definite volume and shape. In a solid, the atoms and molecules are attached to each other.
  • Liquids – definite volume but able to change shape by flowing. In a liquid, the atoms and molecules are loosely bonded.
  • Gases – no definite volume or shape.

Why do solids have definite shape and volume?

Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations. Strong attractions between the particles in a solid restrict their motion, keeping them in place.

How do solids liquids and gases differ?

solid: Has a definite shape and volume. liquid: Has a definite volume, but take the shape of the container. gas: Has no definite shape or volume. change of state: When matter is converted from one of the three states (example: solid, liquid, or gas) to another state.

What is difference between liquid and gas?

Liquids (substances that exist in the liquid state) don’t have any fixed shape and occupy a fixed volume. They are slightly compressible and take the shape of their containers. Gases (substances that exist in the gaseous state) don’t have any fixed shape and don’t occupy any fixed volume.

Which statement correctly describes a difference between solids and gases?

Correct answer: A solid is defined as having a definite shape and definite volume. A liquid is defined as having a definite volume, but not a definite shape. A gas is defined as neither having a definite shape nor a definite volume.

Why do solids and liquids behave differently?

Particles behave differently in each state because the amount of energy a substance gains changes the rate of movement of the particles. The pace of movement and the space needed for the particles increases as it changes between solid, liquid and gas.

How are solids, liquid and gases differ in shape and volume?

A solid has a defined shape and volume. A lump of metal will stay the same shape and volume unless or until you apply heat. Heating​ solid will either increase in volume (grow bigger) or melt ( become a liquid). A liquid has no fixed shape, but it has a fixed volume.

Which is stronger a solid or a gas?

The intermolecular forces are stronger than gases but weaker than solids. The intermolecular forces are practically non-existent. Thus, there is no definite volume. Solids have a definite shape to them. Liquids do not have a definite shape. Gases do not have a definite shape.

Why is it harder to compress a liquid than a gas?

Because the particles in liquids are very close together (barely further apart than in solids) liquids do not easily compress, so their volume is fixed. Gases can also flow, so occupy the shape of their whole container.

Which is more rigid a liquid or a solid?

A solid can be classified as a substance that is rigid with low intermolecular spacing and high intermolecular forces, that binds all molecules within together. Liquids, on the other hand, are less rigid and flow easily.