How did Vimy Ridge change Canada?

How did Vimy Ridge change Canada?

The Canadian success at Vimy demonstrated that no position was invulnerable to a meticulously planned and conducted assault. This success had a profound effect on Allied planning. Though the victory at Vimy came swiftly, it did not come without cost. There were 3,598 dead out of 10,602 Canadian casualties.

What was the outcome of Vimy Ridge?

The four-day battle was over, and Vimy Ridge was finally in Allied hands — a stunning, but costly victory. The fighting left 3,598 Canadians dead and another 7,000 wounded. There were an estimated 20,000 casualties on the German side.

Who replaced Sir Julian Byng as commander of the Canadian Corps prior to the battle of Passchendaele?

Sir Julian Byng, the Canadian Corps commander from 1915 to 1917, groomed Currie as his replacement. When Byng was promoted to army command after his Canadians had successfully stormed Vimy Ridge in April 1917, Currie was appointed in June to head the Canadian Corps.

Is Julian Byng Canadian?

Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, GCB, GCMG, MVO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since the Canadian Confederation.

What did Canada gain from Vimy Ridge?

A year-and-a-half later, the Great War was over. The Canadian record, crowned by the achievements at Vimy, earned for Canada a separate signature on the Versailles Peace Treaty ending the war.

How did Canada become independent?

During the 19th century, colonial dependence gave way to increasing autonomy for a growing Canada. On July 1, 1867, with passage of the British North America Act, the Dominion of Canada was officially established as a self-governing entity within the British Empire.

What was the most important battle for Canada in ww1?

The Battle of the Somme
The First World War was fought from 1914 to 1918 and was the most destructive conflict that had ever been seen up to that time. The Battle of the Somme was one of the war’s most significant campaigns and Canadian soldiers from coast to coast would see heavy action in the fighting there in the summer and fall of 1916.

Why was the Battle of Passchendaele important to Canada?

Legacy. The Canadian victory at Passchendaele was truly impressive and added to our nation’s growing reputation as having the best offensive fighting force on the Western Front. This status meant that our forces would be at the forefront of the series of advances that eventually won the war for the Allies a year later.

What was Julian Byng known for?

As commander of the Canadian Corps from May 1916 to June 1917, Byng transformed the Canadians into a well-trained and effective striking force whose victory at Vimy was one of most spectacular “set-piece” attacks of the war.

What factors lay behind Arthur Currie’s success as commander of the Canadian Corps?

Currie’s success was based on his ability to rapidly adapt brigade tactics to the exigencies of trench warfare, using set piece operations and bite-and-hold tactics. He is generally considered to be among the most capable commanders of the Western Front, and one of the finest commanders in Canadian military history.

Who is Arthur Currie and what did he do?

Sir Arthur Currie, the first and only Canadian to command the Canadian Corps during the First World War, was a pivotal figure in the nation’s war effort. Considered one of the finest generals of the war, Currie led the Canadian Corps to several important victories.

When did Sir Julian Byng take command of Canada?

The replacement Byng recommended to command the Canadians Corps, his protégé and former divisional commander Arthur Currie, assumed command in June 1917 and held it through the end of the war. Byng took the title “Byng of Vimy” on being raised to the peerage after the war.

When was Julian Byng elevated to the Peerage?

Following distinguished service during the First World War —specifically, with the British Expeditionary Force in France, in the Battle of Gallipoli, as commander of the Canadian Corps at Vimy Ridge, and as commander of the British Third Army —Byng was elevated to the peerage in 1919.

Why was Sir Julian Byng called the Byng boys?

He replaced Lieutenant-General E.A.H. Alderson who had been removed from command after the Battle of St. Eloi. While he came from an aristocratic family, Byng was loved and trusted by his troops, who soon began to call themselves the “Byng Boys.”

Who was the commander of the Canadian Forces?

Julian Byng, Commander of Canada’s fighting force until Jun. 1917 (LAC M#3213526). Despite his initial hesitation, Byng meshed well with the Canadians and grew to love and respect them. The feeling was mutual; Canadian soldiers even referred to themselves as “Byng’s Boys.”