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How did industry change America?
The unprecedented levels of production in domestic manufacturing and commercial agriculture during this period greatly strengthened the American economy and reduced dependence on imports. The Industrial Revolution resulted in greater wealth and a larger population in Europe as well as in the United States.
How did industrialization shape American life?
The industrial growth had major effects on American life. The new business activity centred on cities. As a result, people moved to cities in record numbers, and the cities grew by leaps and bounds. The sharp contrast between the rich and the poor and other features of American life stirred widespread discontent.
How did industrialization change the landscape of America?
A New Society. Most 18th century Americans lived in self-sustaining rural communities. The Industrial Revolution witnessed the evolution of large urban centers, such as Boston and New York City, and spurred a massive internal migration of workers. The Industrial Revolution also stimulated the rise of unskilled labor.
In what ways did the Industrial Revolution transform America’s economy society and politics?
The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient.
What was the largest industry in the United States before the Revolution?
The largest non-agricultural segment was ship building, which was from 5 to 20% of total employment. About 45% of American made ships were sold to foreigners. Exports and related services accounted for about one-sixth of income in the decade before revolution. Just before the revolution, tobacco was about a quarter of the value of exports.
Why was industrial development so important in the United States?
The early technological and industrial development in the United States was facilitated by a unique confluence of geographical, social, and economic factors. The relative lack of workers kept the United States wages generally higher than corresponding British and European workers and provided an incentive to mechanize some tasks.
How many people worked in manufacturing in 1880?
In 1880, when the agricultural frontier had largely disappeared, almost one-half of the American workers were still farmers and only one in seven workers (less than 15%) worked in manufacturing of any sort.
What kind of inventions did the United States invent?
From its emergence as an independent nation, the United States has encouraged science and innovation. As a result, the United States has been the birthplace of 161 of Britannica’s 321 Greatest Inventions, including items such as the airplane, internet, microchip, laser, cellphone,…