Table of Contents
Why was Australian Federation a good idea?
Federation was a remarkable political achievement. Colonies had jostled to protect their interests. New South Wales had competed with Victoria for influence, and the smaller colonies had feared their interests would be ignored by the larger colonies. Federation achieved an independence of sorts for Australia.
What did the Aboriginals think?
The Aboriginals believed that the entire world was made by their Ancestors way back in the very beginning of time, the Dreamtime. The Ancestors made everything. The Ancestors made particular sites to show the Aboriginal people which places were to be sacred.
What were the reasons people wanted Federation in Australia?
Reasons for Federation
- Free trade. While tariffs provided the colonial governments with much revenue , they restricted trade and movement between the colonies.
- National pride.
- 1891 Federation convention.
- The people’s conventions.
- 1897–98 Federation convention.
- First referendum: 1898.
What were the reasons against Federation?
Arguments against Federation Federation would be expensive to achieve and a federated country would be expensive to run. The colonies had different policies about immigration, trade and other matters. Customs duties protected factories in the smaller colonies from goods made in factories in the larger colonies.
What is the purpose of Federation?
A federation often emerges from an initial agreement between several separate states. The purpose can be the will to solve mutual problems and to provide for mutual defense or to create a nation-state for an ethnicity spread over several states.
How did Federation impact on indigenous?
Aboriginal people lost power over their own lives. Their personal and working lives were tightly controlled. They could not vote for the federal government and, even if they could have done so, the federal government would not have changed the laws for the better anyway.
Why is the dreaming so important to Aboriginal?
Understanding Aboriginal Dreamings. Dreamtime or Dreaming for Australian Aboriginal people represents the time when the Ancestral Spirits progressed over the land and created life and important physical geographic formations and sites. The Dreaming explains the origin of the universe and workings of nature and humanity …
Why was the Aboriginal Tent Embassy created?
Aboriginal people erected the Tent Embassy in 1972 in Canberra to protest against a court decision over mining operations on Aboriginal land. Many struggles and battles later, the Embassy has become a heritage-listed landmark for Aboriginal protest.
What are the reasons for and against Federation in Australia?
The capacity of a strong national government to manage issues such as trade, the economy, defence and immigration. The cost of setting up and running an Australian Parliament. Concerns we would lose our cultural ties to England and the emerging cultural identities of the 6 colonies would be lost.
What is the main feature of a Federation?
In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, is typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of either party, the states or the federal political body.
What is the concept of federation?
Federation is defined as ”an association formed by merging several groups or parties”. In the Liberty Alliance Project specifications, federation encompasses both identity federation and provider federation.
What are two examples of federation?
The independent states which came together on their own to form a bigger unit so that they could increase their security, while maintaining their sovereignty are called the Coming together federations. Example the USA, Switzerland and Australia.
How is the Federation involved in Aboriginal issues?
The fight for equity for Aboriginal students is ongoing and the development in 2010 of Aboriginal Education 25 year Plan: The Way Forward addresses both equity and Aboriginal perspectives issues. Federation will continue to seek social justice and advancement of Aboriginal Peoples.
Why did people not like the Federation of Australia?
It goes without saying that we do not like to talk about it, but it is so.’ (John Forrest, later the Commonwealth Minister of Defence, at the Federation Convention of 1898.) At the time of Federation, most Australians feared that the introduction of people from non-European backgrounds would threaten the security and unity of the new nation.
How did the government control the Aboriginal people?
Government authorities in some states developed many laws that controlled Aboriginal people. In some places, Aboriginal people had to ask permission to get married. Their movements were controlled and they were only allowed to work in certain jobs and in certain industries.
What’s the history of the Federation in NSW?
Federation is proud of its contemporary history with Aboriginal Peoples, which is founded on mutual respect for one another. It has enjoyed active partnership with the NSW AECG for over 40 years.