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If you placed the heating element at the top and the kettle isn’t full, the water wouldn’t get heated because the element isn’t there so you would still have cold or at most lukewarm water. When it’s at the bottom, hot water weighs less than cold water so it rises to the top, thus heating all the way through.
Where are cargo heating coils located inside the tank?
Conventional design. The cargo heating system consists of stainless steel, mild steel, or aluminum brass heating coils evenly distributed slightly above the tank bottom. The heating coils are prefabricated in the form of coil blocks to reduce the necessary pipe-work in the tanks.
Why do you heat water from below?
When water is heated from below, its density decreases, it becomes light and rises up. So convential currents are set up and the whole water gets heated. When water is heated from top, it will conduct very small amount of heat to the bottom part of water because water is a poor conductor of heat.
Why are coils used for heating?
They’re an important part of many industrial heating solutions. A coil is a heating element attached to the heating unit itself. The heater generates the electric current which flows into the coil. The heating coil transfers the electric energy into heat energy.
Why does my heating element keep going out?
If the coil gets too hot, it burns out. Among the conditions that can cause elevated temperatures are insufficient airflow in the element compartment, failure of safety devices and a power surge.
What is the bottom part of a kettle called?
Heating Element: The key to the electric kettle is its heating element, which is the structure at the bottom of the kettle that produces the heat.
Why do we purge cargo tanks?
After tank cleaning operations, the cargo tanks may be purged with inert Gas to reduce the hydrocarbon gas concentration inside the tank atmosphere. Go on with purging by IG until the hydrocarbon content reduces to the required / desired level.
Why cargo heaters are necessary in gas tankers?
Cargo heater ( High & low duty) Steam heated cargo heaters are provided for the following functions: Heating the LNG vapour, delivered by the HD compressors, to the specified temperature for warming up the cargo tanks before gas freeing.
Why do you think the warmer water at the bottom of the top rises to the top?
When you heat up water, the water molecules start moving around faster and faster. So hot water is less dense than cold water. When you put the two together with the hot water on the bottom, the hot water rises to the top, mixing with the cold water along the way and creating purple water.
Where does heat transfer takes place in the situation?
Transfer of heat normally takes place under all situations provided that the mode of transfer of heat is radiation. Radiation can take place anywhere but the other modes , convention and conduction , cannot take place in vacuum but radiation can.
Where are heating coils used?
Resistance wire: Metallic resistance heating elements may be wire or ribbon, straight or coiled. They are used in common heating devices like toasters and hair dryers, furnaces for industrial heating, floor heating, roof heating, pathway heating to melt snow, dryers, etc.
Which coil is used in heater?
Manufacturers use nichrome to make the heating coils found in common household appliances. Nichrome is combined from nickel and chromium. Wire made from nichrome is especially suited for use in heating coils because of its flexibility. This alloy also has a high melting point.
Where does the water go when a heating coil is broken?
When the locked steam condenses and the steam trap opens, a slug of water is discharged up the riser. As soon as the water seal is broken, steam will enter the rising pipe and close the trap, while the broken column of water falls back to lie at the bottom of the heating coil.
How are steam coils used to heat vessels?
Vessels can be heated in a number of different ways. This module will deal with indirect heating. In these systems, the heat is transferred across a heat transfer surface. Options include: Submerged steam coils – A widely used form of heat transfer involves the installation inside a tank of a steam coil immersed in a process fluid.
Where does the heat transfer take place on a coil?
On the product side of the coil a thermal boundary layer will exist in which there is a temperature gradient between the surface and the bulk fluid. If this temperature difference is relatively large, then the natural convective currents will be significant and the heat transfer coefficient will be high.
Its found at the bottom of the kettle because its uses convection currents to heat it up. The heating element warms up the water at the bottom, and because when water is hot its less dense, so it will rise to the surface, cool, and sink down again to be warmed up.