What is pediculosis?

What is pediculosis?

Pediculosis is infestation with the human head-and-body louse, Pediculus humanus. There are two subspecies, the head louse (P. h. capitis) and the body louse (P.

What causes pediculosis?

A head lice infestation results from the direct transfer of lice from the hair of one person to the hair of another through head-to-head contact. To survive, an adult head louse must feed on blood. They can live for approximately 30 days on a person’s head. If they fall off, they will die within 1 to 2 days.

What are the 3 types of pediculosis?

The 3 major lice that infest humans are Pediculus humanus capitis (head louse), Pthirus pubis (crab louse), and Pediculus humanus humanus (body louse).

What is the root word of pediculosis?

pediculosis (n.) “lice infestation,” 1809, with -osis + Latin pediculus, diminutive of pedis “a louse,” said in some sources to be akin to pedere “to break wind” (see petard) on notion of “foul-smelling insect” [Watkins].

Is pediculosis a disease?

Head lice (pediculosis capitis) is a common, highly contagious infection that often occurs in nurseries, day care centers, and schools. It is caused by infestation with the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, and it is usually very itchy. Lice are very small insects that feed on human blood.

Can head lice transfer to pubic hair?

Lice found on the head generally are head lice, not pubic lice. Animals do not get or spread pubic lice.

What medication is used to treat pediculosis?

First-line pharmacologic treatment of pediculosis is permethrin 1% lotion or shampoo. Multiple novel treatments have shown limited evidence of effectiveness superior to permethrin. Wet combing is an effective nonpharmacologic treatment option.

How do you treat pediculosis?

Medicated shampoos or cream rinses containing pyrethrins or permethrin are preferred for treating people with head lice. Products containing pyrethrins, permethrin or malathion are available over-the-counter, but those containing lindane or malathion are available only through a physician’s prescription.

Is pediculosis a virus?

Pediculosis is an infestation of the hairy parts of the body or clothing with the eggs, larvae or adults of lice. The crawling stages of this insect feed on human blood, which can result in severe itching. Head lice are usually located on the scalp, crab lice in the pubic area and body lice along seams of clothing.

What are the complications of pediculosis?


  • Pruritic rash on the back of the neck and behind the ears, caused by a hypersensitivity reaction to louse faeces.
  • Excoriation, skin infection and impetigo may occasionally occur.
  • Loss of sleep caused by continuous itching is occasionally a problem.
  • Anxiety and distress for children and parents.

Is Pediculosis a parasite?

Pediculosis capitis is a ubiquitous parasitic skin disease caused by Pediculus humanus capitis. Head lice are highly specialised parasites which can propagate only on human scalp and hair. Transmission occurs by direct head-to-head contact. Head lice are vectors of important bacterial pathogens.

Is Pediculosis viral or bacterial?

An infestation of head lice most often affects children and usually results from the direct transfer of lice from the hair of one person to the hair of another. A head-lice infestation isn’t a sign of poor personal hygiene or an unclean living environment. Head lice don’t carry bacterial or viral infectious diseases.

What does pediculosis mean?

Pediculosis: a state of lousiness, or the abnormal condition caused by the multiplication of lice on the body: sec phthiriasis.

What is the best home remedy to kill lice?

Tea tree oil is one of the most suitable home remedies to get rid of lice because it contains all the necessary ingredients that have been known to kill lice. In fact, it is a non invasive remedy with anti-fungal and anti-septic properties which lice hates the most.

How can lice kill you?

If there were any living in the carpet, they will die in a day or two. Do not use poisons to kill the lice. Vacuuming and a thorough steam cleaning should be sufficient to kill the lice, and they won’t harm your family as the poisons can. Lice infestations can temporarily take over your house. Then continue to vacuum once a day.

Is pediculosis a parasite?

Pediculosis is a human parasitic infection that has been widespread and known for thousands of years. Lice are bloodsucking insects (which feed on blood), of which only three species out of the over 4000 listed are human parasites. Definition of pediculosis. Pediculosis means an infestation with lice in humans.