What are the terrains on Mars?

What are the terrains on Mars?

The common surface features of Mars include dark slope streaks, dust alien tracks, sand dunes, Medusae Fossae Formation, fretted terrain, layers, gullies, glaciers, scalloped topography, chaos terrain, possible ancient rivers, pedestal craters, brain terrain, and ring mold craters.

What are three landforms on Mars?

Its largest impact basins, volcanoes, and canyons are far bigger than any found on Earth. The maps to the right illustrate the topography of Mars.

What are 3 features found on Mars that are similar to Earth?

Mars and Earth are very different planets when it comes to temperature, size, and atmosphere, but geologic processes on the two planets are surprisingly similar. On Mars, we see volcanoes, canyons, and impact basins much like the ones we see on Earth.

What are the names of the mountains in Mars?

List of mountains on Mars by height

Name Elevation (m) Elevation (feet)
Olympus Mons (formerly Nix Olympica) 21,287.4 69,839
Ascraeus Mons 18,209 59,741
Arsia Mons 17,779 58,330
Pavonis Mons 14,307 46,939

What are the major geological features of Mars?

Like Earth and Venus, Mars has mountains, valleys, and volcanoes, but the red planet’s are by far the biggest and most dramatic. Olympus Mons, the solar system’s largest volcano, towers some 16 miles above the Martian surface, making it three times taller than Everest.

What are the names of the two moons of Mars?


He discovered Deimos the next night, and Phobos six nights after that. Ninety-four years later, NASA’s Mariner 9 spacecraft got a much better look at the two moons from its orbit around Mars.

Do the landforms on Mars have names?

Large Martian craters are named after important scientists and science fiction writers; smaller ones are named after towns and villages on Earth. Various landforms studied by the Mars Exploration Rovers are given temporary names or nicknames to identify them during exploration and investigation.

Does Mars have different landscapes?

Many Martian landscapes contain features that are familiar to ones we find on Earth, like river valleys, cliffs, glaciers and volcanos. However, Mars has an exotic side too, with landscapes that are alien to Earthlings.

What is Mars nickname?

Mars is known as the Red Planet. It is red because the soil looks like rusty iron. Mars has two small moons. Their names are Phobos (FOE-bohs) and Deimos (DEE-mohs).

What are three major mountain ranges on Mars?

Mars has the tallest mountain in the solar system — Olympus Mons, 21 kilometers (13 miles) high, two and a half times taller than Mount Everest. But it lacks the long ranges of mountains, such as the Himalayas, the Rocky Mountains, or the Alps, found on every continent on Earth. It’s reasonable to ask why.

What are the names of Mars two moons?

How is the geology of Mars different from the geology on Earth?

Its geologic history is thus very different from that of the Earth. Crustal stability on Mars results in the preservation of much older features. On Earth, surface materials are recycled at a relatively rapid rate by erosional processes and subduction. On Earth, most erosion results from running water.

What are the names of the mountains on Mars?

It is in a vast upland region called Tharsis, which contains several large volcanos. See list of mountains on Mars. The Tharsis region of Mars also has the solar system’s largest canyon system, Valles Marineris or the Mariner Valley, which is 4,000 km long and 7 km deep. Mars is also scarred by countless impact craters.

What are the names of the low plains on Mars?

Low plains on Mars are called “Planitia.” Many of these were formed by impact events, especially Chryse, Utopia, Isidis, Argyre, and Hellas. Hellas Planitia is the deepest area on the planet. Many craters are believed to have once held lakes, including Argyre Planitia and Hellas Planitia in the South.

Which is the most ancient volcanic complex on Mars?

Elysium Mons is a lonely volcanic complex some distance away. In the southern highlands, Noachis Terra is some of the most ancient terrain on Mars, the source of the name of Mars’ Noachian period.

How is the geography of Mars different from other planets?

Given that it is a planet, the geography of Mars varies considerably. However, the dichotomy of Martian topography is striking: northern plains flattened by lava flows contrast with the southern highlands, pitted and cratered by ancient impacts.