How do you know the difference between functional groups?

How do you know the difference between functional groups?

Functional groups will determine the reactivity of the molecule. As for how they are different, each functional group is specific to the type of atoms that make up the group. For example, an alcohol or OH functional group is polar and protic, it is capable of hydrogen bonding and dissolves in water.

What is the difference between structural formula and displayed formula?

A structural formula shows how the various atoms are bonded. There are various ways of drawing this and you will need to be familiar with all of them. A displayed formula shows all the bonds in the molecule as individual lines. You need to remember that each line represents a pair of shared electrons.

Which functional groups are hydrophilic and hydrophobic?

Classifying Functional Groups An example of a hydrophobic group is the non-polar methane molecule. Among the hydrophilic functional groups is the carboxyl group found in amino acids, some amino acid side chains, and the fatty acid heads that form triglycerides and phospholipids.

What is meant by a displayed formula?

The displayed formula represents the molecule by showing all of the atoms, and all of the bonds between those atoms. Bonds are represented by lines, with the number of lines representing the strength of the bond.

What is the displayed formula of ethane?

Ethane is a colorless, odorless, and flammable gas with a chemical formula of C2H6; it has two carbon (C) atoms and six hydrogen (H) atoms.

What’s the difference between structural formula and molecular formula?

For example glucose molecular formula is C6H12O6, but its structural formula is as follows As you can see the structural formula shows the bonding and structure of each molecule and each individual element

Is it important to know the formula unit of a molecule?

To sum it up and conclude this article Formula Unit vs Molecule, a molecule is made up of atoms that are covalently bound to each other, and it is essential to know the molecule and its atoms for knowing their formula unit, molecular weight, moles, etc.

How to determine the shape of a molecule?

Start by drawing its Lewis structure. This rule applies to all molecules except hydrocarbons and molecules with two atoms of the same element. Determine which of the five categories of shapes your molecule falls into linear, tetrahedral, trigonal planar, bent, trigonal pyramid.

Which is the most important structural formula in organic chemistry?

An important type of structural formula in organic chemistry are skeletal formulas. Most complex organic molecules can be given via skeletal formulas. This type of formulas show the functional groups and their positions.